Eat breakfast. Breakfast didn’t earn its reputation as the most important meal of the day for no reason. Studies show you’re less likely to overeat during the day if you eat a healthy breakfast in the morning.
2. Avoid unnecessary pain killers. Many people don’t realize that the same medications that help alleviate your aches can have dangerous side effects, including harming the kidneys. It’s important to read both prescription and over the counter (OTC) drug labels in order to evaluate the risks and benefits before taking a particular medication.
3. Exercise. Yes, you’ve heard this one before, but there is a reason that getting more exercise is a perennially popular resolution. Physical activity offers many health benefits, including decreasing blood pressure, increasing muscle strength, lowering blood fat levels (cholesterol and triglycerides), improving sleep, increasing insulin sensitivity and helping control body weight. If those weren’t reason enough to lace up your sneakers, studies have also shown that kidney patients who exercise have better outcomes for dialysis and transplantation. Increasing activity by 150 minutes per week is recommended.< Get organized. Start with your medicine cabinet and
A peek behind the tissue
A runny nose may be a symptom of many different things. Knowing what’s causing it is the first step to taking care of it. There are several home remedies, which can help and powerful over the counter medicines that can make living with a runny nose from colds, allergies, or the flu more bearable. Mucinex® Fast-Max Cold and Sinus can help stop a runny nose since it contains phenylephrine, a nasal decongestant. Your nose can run but it can’t hide. Read below for more information.
Help stop a runny nose.
Suffering from a runny nose can be irritating, embarrassing and overall, just miserable. Learning how to help stop a runny nose can help you get on with your day when symptoms are holding you back.
The cold virus and allergies can cause your body to make histamines, chemicals that are part of an inflammatory reaction and your body’s natural immune response. The effects of histamine can cause runny nose, watery eyes, and sneezing. To try to relieve a runny nose at home, try the following to promote a healthy nasal environment:
Blood clots kill one in four people worldwide. That’s right, one in four deaths on this planet are caused by blood clots, also known by the medical term thrombosis. If you’re surprised by these blood clot facts, you’re not alone. A survey that I and others conducted with the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis steering committee of the United States, along with eight other countries from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Australia, found that public awareness of thrombosis was low overall (at 68 percent), and for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in particular (at about 50 percent) — much lower than awareness of other health conditions.
Far more people surveyed were aware of high blood pressure, breast cancer, prostate cancer, and AIDS (90 percent, 85 percent, 82 percent, and 87 percent, respectively).
Only 45 percent of people who responded to the survey were aware that blood clots are preventable. Few knew the major risk factors for VTE, like hospitalization, surgery, and cancer (awareness of 25 percent, 36 percent, and 16 percent, respectively).
Thrombosis is the underlying cause of heart attack, most strokes,
A new nasal spray might make rescue care easier for diabetics who are woozy or even unconscious due to severe low blood sugar, a new clinical trial suggests.
The nasal spray contains powdered glucagon, a hormone that causes a prompt increase in blood sugar levels.
The trial results showed that the nasal spray is nearly as effective in treating hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) as the only option currently available, a glucagon powder that must be mixed with water, drawn into a syringe and then injected into muscle.
Because it is almost as effective but much easier to administer to an ailing person, the nasal spray could become the go-to treatment for severe hypoglycemia, said Dr. George Grunberger, a clinical professor at Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit and president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. He was not involved in the study.
“This intranasal spray is a big deal,” Grunberger said. “This is something which people have been crying for, for years. It was only a matter of time before something more practical came onto the market.”
People with diabetes trying to walk the tightrope of precise blood sugar control
Outrage over the high cost of medications intensified after some companies sharply raised prices for drugs they hadn’t developed, but instead bought the rights to. Valeant Pharmaceuticals International Inc. drew criticism from doctors, hospitals and Congressmen after The Wall Street Journal reported the company had increased the price of two cardiac-care drugs by 525% and 212%, respectively. In the fall, Turing Pharmaceuticals AG was widely criticized after it boosted the price of the anti-parasite drug Daraprim to $750 a pill from $13.50. Turing founder Martin Shkreli was later arrested on unrelated fraud charges from previous work at a hedge fund. Mr. Shkreli, who resigned from Turing, has said he believes his arrest was related partly to the drug-price increases.
2. Cancer immunotherapy
Efforts to use the body’s immune system to fight tumors made big strides this year. The Food and Drug Administration approved the first immunotherapy drugs for lung cancer, Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. ’s Opdivo and later Merck & Co.’s Keytruda, both of which treat non-small-cell lung cancer, the most common form of the disease. The FDA also approved the combined use of Bristol-Myers’s Opdivo and Yervoy to treat advanced
Jogging is one of those activities that seem to perfectly embody the concept of healthy physical activity. I know people who run for an hour or more a day. I admire their commitment to physical activity and sometimes envy their seeming good health. But a new study from Denmark has me rethinking the benefits of strenuous jogging.
Researchers with the ongoing Copenhagen City Heart Study have been following the health of more than 1,000 joggers and 400 healthy but inactive non-joggers. Between 2001 and 2014, 156 of these study participants died. Using the death rate of the sedentary non-joggers as a point of comparison, the researchers found that the death rate of light joggers was 90% lower than that of the non-joggers, while that of moderate joggers was about 60% lower. Here’s the big surprise: the death rate for strenuous joggers was no different than that of sedentary non-joggers. This kind of relationship is known as a U-shaped curve (see figure).In this study, jogging for just an hour a week was associated with a significantly lower death rate. The most beneficial combination was jogging at a slow or moderate pace two to three times a week, for
If you answer yes to any of the following questions, you may need to talk about improving your nutrition with your doctor:
Has your doctor talked with you about a medical problem or a risk factor, such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol?
Did your doctor tell you that this condition could be improved by better nutrition?
Do diabetes, cancer, heart disease or osteoporosis run in your family?
Are you overweight?
Do you have questions about what kinds of foods you should eat or whether you should take vitamins?
Do you think that you would benefit from seeing a registered dietitian, a member of the health care team who specializes in nutrition counseling?
Won’t it be hard to change my eating habits?
Probably, but even very small changes can improve your health considerably. The key is to keep choosing healthy foods and stay in touch with your doctor and dietitian, so they know how you are doing. Here are a few suggestions that can improve your eating habits:
Find the strong points and weak points in your current diet. Do you eat 4-5 cups of fruits and vegetables every
Just like motor oil keeps your car running smoothly, there’s an important fluid that lubricates and nourishes your joints. This substance is called synovial (syn ö vi àl) fluid, and joints that contain it — like your shoulders and hips — are called synovial joints.
As you move, sacks of this fluid cushion your knees and elbows against friction, and these sacks are known as bursae (bûr`s∂). When you hear people talk about tennis elbow — outer elbow pain often caused by repetitive motion — they actually have inflamed bursae, which physicians refer to as bursitis.
Joint pain can interfere with your physical activity and daily life. The flip side, however, is that as your fitness level increases, joint pain may decrease. Here are some things you can do to encourage both of these desired results:
Warm up before any activity. Try this for your knees: Sit in a chair, and slowly raise your left foot until your leg is straight. Hold for a second, and slowly lower it. Repeat this motion 10 to 15 times with each leg.
To warm up your hips and get a great back massage in
These practical tips cover the basics of healthy eating, and can help you make healthier choices:
Base your meals on starchy foods
Starchy foods should make up around one third of the foods you eat. Starchy foods include potatoes, cereals, pasta, rice and bread. Choose wholegrain varieties (or eat potatoes with their skins on) when you can: they contain more fibre, and can help you feel full.
Most of us should eat more starchy foods: try to include at least one starchy food with each main meal. Some people think starchy foods are fattening, but gram for gram the carbohydrate they contain provides fewer than half the calories of fat.
Eat lots of fruit and veg
It’s recommended that we eat at least five portions of different types of fruit and veg a day. It’s easier than it sounds. A glass of unsweetened 100% fruit juice (150ml) can count as one portion, and vegetables cooked into dishes also count. Why not chop a banana over your breakfast cereal, or swap your usual mid-morning snack for a piece of fresh fruit?
One of the most nutritious powerhouses to add to your diet are sprouts. They are an authentic “super” food that many overlook or have long stopped using. In addition to their nutritional profile, sprouts are also easy and fun to grow in your own home as they don’t require an outdoor garden.
They can contain up to 39 times the nutrition of organic vegetables grown in your own garden, and allow your body to extract more vitamins, minerals, amino acids and essential fats from the foods you eat. During sprouting, minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, bind to protein, making them more bioavailable.
Furthermore, both the quality of the protein and the fiber content of beans, nuts, seeds and grains improves when sprouted. The content of vitamins and essential fatty acids also increase dramatically during the sprouting process. Sunflower seed, broccoli and pea sprouts tend to top the list of all the seeds that you can sprout and are typically each about 30 times more nutritious than organic vegetables. While you can sprout a variety of different beans, nuts, seeds and grains, sprouts in general have the following beneficial attributes:
To set yourself up for success, think about planning a healthy diet as a number of small, manageable steps—like adding a salad to your diet once a day—rather than one big drastic change. As your small changes become habit, you can continue to add more healthy choices.
Prepare more of your own meals. Cooking more meals at home can help you take charge of what you’re eating and better monitor exactly what goes into your food.
Make the right changes. When cutting back on unhealthy foods in your diet, it’s important to replace them with healthy alternatives. Replacing dangerous trans fats with healthy fats (such as switching fried chicken for grilled fish) will make a positive difference to your health. Switching animal fats for refined carbohydrates, though (such as switching your breakfast bacon for a donut), won’t lower your risk for heart disease or improve your mood.
Simplify. Instead of being overly concerned with counting calories, think of your diet in terms of color, variety, and freshness. Focus on avoiding packaged and processed foods and opting for more fresh ingredients.
Read the labels. It’s important to be aware of what’s in your food
In the new study, lead researcher Christina Roberto and her colleagues conducted an online survey of nearly 2,400 parents who had at least one child aged 6 to 11 years.
In a simulated online shopping experiment, parents were divided into six groups to “buy” drinks for their kids. One group saw no warning label on the beverages they would buy; another saw a label listing calories. The other four groups saw various warning labels about the potential health effects of sugary beverage intake, including weight gain, obesity, type 2 diabetes and tooth decay.
Overall, only 40 percent of those who looked at the health warning labels chose a sugary drink. But, 60 percent of those who saw no label chose a sugary drink, as did 53 percent of those who saw the calorie-only label did.
There were no significant buying differences between the groups seeing the calorie-only label and no label, the findings showed.
“The warning labels seem to help in a way that the calorie labels do not,” said Roberto, an assistant professor of medical ethics and health policy at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.
Their study found that children and teens who got more moderate to vigorous physical exercise daily than their peers had better cholesterol levels, blood pressure and weight, which are important for long-term health.
“Parents, schools and institutions should facilitate and promote physical activity of at least moderate intensity in all children and be less concerned about the total amount of time spent sedentary, at least in relation to these cardiovascular risk factors,” said study author Ulf Ekelund, group leader of the Physical Activity Epidemiology Program at the Institute of Metabolic Science in Cambridge, England.
“We demonstrated that higher levels of physical activity of at least moderate intensity — equal to brisk walking — are associated with [improving] many cardiovascular disease risk factors, regardless of the amount of time these children spent sedentary,” he said.
For example, those children who belonged to the most active group had a smaller waist than those in the least active group, he said.
“In adults, this difference is associated with an about 15 percent increased relative risk of premature death,” Ekelund said.
“Children need breakfast everyday for a variety of reasons,” says Roberta Anding, a registered dietitian at the Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston. “Actively growing children need food at regular intervals to fuel their bodies and brains. Skipping breakfast gives as much as a 10- to 12-hour time frame with no food, and the potential for compromised school performance and irritability.”
In addition, “for children who eat breakfast, there is better regulation of body weight,” says Anding. Other benefits:
Eating breakfast increases the chances of an overall healthier diet.
Kids who start the day with a healthy meal are more likely to play sports and be more physically active.
Eating breakfast improves a child’s ability to concentrate and perform in school.
Healthy Breakfast Ideas for Kids
Avoid giving children sweet foods for breakfast, like doughnuts or cereals high in sugar, because after the sugar high wears off, they are likely to get tired. “Healthy options include whole grain, low-sugar cereal with low-fat milk and fresh fruit, or a yogurt berry parfait with granola,” says Anding. Or, you might offer your child a whole-grain English muffin with peanut
“How much depends on their age and physical activity level,” says Samantha Heller, MS, RD, former senior clinical nutritionist at New York University Langone Medical Center’s Outpatient Cardiac Rehabilitation & Prevention Nutrition program and now host of a live nutrition show on Sirius Satellite’s new station DOCTOR Radio. “If they are busy and active, away from the computer and running around outside, kids will actually self-regulate how much they need.”
Three a Day: Stocking Up on Snacks
The American Academy of Pediatrics says that because kids have smaller stomachs, they can’t hold enough food from meals alone. Generally three meals and up to three healthy snacks each day will allow them to meet their nutritional needs. Children who play sports, however, will need heftier snacks and more calories than a child who is less physically active.
Try to plan your kids’ snacks wisely and schedule them at least two hours before mealtime. With this many snacks, kids don’t need to feel full all of the time, so keep the portions small. A bit of hunger between snacks and meals will help them to eat healthier foods when they are offered.
When leading preventive cardiologist Dr. Arthur Agatston and his Miami-based team began monitoring elementary students participating in an obesity-prevention program, their goal was simple. “We wanted to show that good food was good for kids,” Agatston says. “And that they would eat it.”
Agatston, who is also Everyday Health’s heart health expert, has long been a vocal advocate for healthier lifestyle choices. He writes and lectures extensively, and is probably best known for his South Beach Diet, which he originally devised as a way to help his cardiac and diabetes patients lose weight in order to prevent heart attacks and strokes. In 2004, he founded the Agatston Research Foundation, which now conducts and funds original research on diet, cardiac health, and disease prevention.
This particular project, called the Healthier Options for Public Schoolchildren, or HOPS program for short, was specifically designed to test the feasibility of introducing a holistic nutrition and healthy lifestyle management program at the elementary-school level in central Florida. As HOPS co-principal investigator, Agatston revealed the findings at the October 2008 meeting of the Obesity Society. In short, the two-year HOPS study found that kids who ate nutritionally sound, high-quality breakfasts, lunches,
For most people, 30 minutes of daily moderate physical activity is a good target, but getting there can be a challenge, and unfortunately there is no easy solution for those short on time. The simple truth is that in order to make exercise a regular habit, you need to move it up on your priority list. That said, if you’re able to mentally reposition physical activity as a more positive experience, it won’t feel like a sacrifice, and you may even come to enjoy it. As someone who has long struggled to maintain a consistent fitness routine and finally found some measure of success, I’m happy to share some strategies that have worked for me and others I know.
1. Lower Your Expectations
This seems like a pessimistic way to start a blog aimed at encouraging people to be more physically active, but I think setting a realistic and manageable fitness plan is one of the most important steps in making exercise a regular habit. The same all-or-nothing mentality that deters the best of healthy eating intentions can also sabotage attempts to become more fit. If after months of inactivity you launch right into a high
If you work in an office environment and spend most of your day hunched over in front of a screen, you can be sure that your posture is probably atrocious.
The ill effects of sitting too long affect pretty much every part of our body. From organ damage (heart disease, over productive pancreas and even colon cancer) and muscle degeneration (mushy abs & limp glutes) to foggy brains, strained necks and back ache, sitting at your desk all day increases your mortality risk and has a detrimental effect on your overall health.
But do not worry! Thanks to a new product called BackGenie you’ll be able to fix the problem without spending gazillions of dollars on one of those new-age ergonomic office chairs.
BackGenie is a device that passively and effortlessly forces you to sit with perfect posture. It’s about as low-tech as a chair, and that’s exactly what makes it so brilliant.
BackGenie takes a practical approach to helping you sit straight and retain a healthy back, free of pain. Instead of using expensive high tech gadgets or super expensive chairs, BackGenie uses a set of simple, adjustable straps to keep your spine
Submitted by Dr B Elliot Cole, Consultant, Pain Education; Former Medical Director, Shoals Hospital Senior Care Centre, Alabama; Former Executive Director, American Society of Pain Educators; and Former Director of Education, American Academy of Pain Management, USA.
In this case study, Dr B Elliot Cole describes the pain management of a middle-aged woman with polyarthritis and comorbid obesity. The patient responds well to treatment with buprenorphine transdermal patch 20 mg.
Donna is an obese 52-year-old woman with advanced osteoarthritis of her hands, knees, ankles and back. She presents with increasing pain for the past 3 years, stating she was told by an orthopedic surgeon that she must wait a few more years, until her pain is no longer controlled with medication, before she may have joint replacement surgery.
She describes pain as often 7 out of 10 (using a 0-to-10 scale, where 0 signifies no pain at all and 10 signifies the worst pain imagined). Pain is exacerbated by performing activities of daily living, including prolonged standing, lifting, walking, carrying objects, writing, doing household chores, bending forward at the waist and dressing. Pain is partially relieved with acetaminophen, ibuprofen, oxycodone, rest, hot showers for
At the same hospital in 2004, Rumaisa Rahman took over the title of world’s tiniest infant, weighing in at 0.57 pounds. She was one of twins, and she spent 50 days on a ventilator in the neonatal intensive care unit at Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, Ill.
At her five-year checkup, Rumaisa weighed 34 pounds and had grown to 3 feet, 3 inches. She was attending first-grade on an individual learning plan. She wears glasses because of retinopathy of prematurity, an eye problem common in preemies.
Madeline, whose mother had been treated for infertility, was the only survivor among triplets. Her mother, like Rumaisa’s, had severe preeclampsia, a life-threatening condition in pregnant women that can only be cured by delivering the baby or babies. Madeline was on a ventilator for 65 days. She had a heart condition and also had retinopathy.
Madeline also wears corrective lenses, but she drives and is in good health. At 65 pounds and 4 feet, 6 inches, she’s still small. Now a college senior, she’s an honors student majoring in psychology.